Ladd CH2 pages 84-86 Jim Brune (8:20)
Discusses the bio-power discursive system concerning the ‘Others’, specifically Deaf and disabled people, run by wealthy people, professionals and politicians. Touches upon the historical development of discourses in four stages of history showing how lay people and Deaf/disabled people have been split as the bio-power discursive system applies more specialism and professionalism. This split has serious consequences when the Deaf/disabled people disagrees with the system and wants to change it because of the four obstacles the system create.
Ladd CH2 pages 83-84 Grieser (6:53)
Discusses six domains/types of discourses Dr. Ladd identified that Western majority societies delegate responsibility to rationalize and justify their oppressive actions upon “The Others.” They are political and administrative discourses, academic discourses, specialist discourses, medical discourses, scientific discourses and media discourses. They are all part of the discursive system that Deaf communities have to deal with.
Ladd CH2 p. 82-83 Eberwein (4:10)
Explains the difference between the two kinds of “hearing” people – the lay people and the specialists. Lay people are those who do not work in Deaf-related fields and specialists are those who maintain the two key features of colonialism of Deaf peoples: specialism and paternalism.
Also, emphasizes the importance for the lay reader to understand that “virtually all discourses about Deaf people have been conceived, controlled and written by people who were not themselves Deaf.” It’s in the same category of the ethnocentric bias that is involved with the majority of legislation concerning other minority groups.
Points out that Chapter 2 will summarize some of the main patterns in the specialist/paternalist discourses the past 5000 years and across several continents that have greatest relevance to the Deaf communities of the present day.
Ladd CH2 pages 79-81 Brenda Jo Falgier (9:41)
Describes colonialism and discusses why Deaf communities should be viewed as being colonized. Introduces those key terminologies: post-colonialism, decolonization, counter-narrative, post-modernism, essentialism, strategic essentialism.
Ladd CH2 p. 78-79 (7:18) Grushkin
Summarizes the goal and issues regarding Colonialism and Post-Colonialism Studies. Also, discusses how language domination and audism resembles colonialism for Deaf people. Mentions works by Harlan Lane and Wrigley initiating discussion on colonialism of Deaf communities as well as examining the majority society’s ideologies and discourses that created and perpetuates the colonialism.
Ladd CH1 p. 52-53 Cantrell
Discusses the role of printed media in the Deaf community in United Kingdom and United States.